4 Uses Of Fiber Optic Cables

c12If you ask many people, they will tell you that they know fiber optic cables for their use in computers. While they are heavily used in that area, they are also heavily used in other areas including:

Cable television

I know that you can’t get off the couch due to your favorite program. Did you know that you are receiving the signals courtesy of fiber optic cables? Telecommunication companies are now heavily using the cables as they have greater speeds and bandwidth. The cables are also cheaper compared to copper wires.

Telecommunication companies are also heavily using the cables in speeding up communication in telephones. Due to their installation, you are able to connect faster and have clear conversations regardless of where you are calling from.

Medical applications

Fiber optic cables are widely used in medicine and research. In medicine, they are majorly used in intrusive surgical methods where it’s used in reducing the number and sizes of incisions. The cables are also used in biomedical research where they are used in the field of prosthetics where the researchers are working in developing real-feel prosthetics. Researchers are trying to come up with prosthetics that have the ability to send information through the nervous system into the brain.

Automotive industry

Cables are also used in lighting and safety features in automobiles. They are used in lighting both the interior and exterior of the car. They are used in the vehicles since they conserve space and also provide superior lighting than other materials. The cables are also able to transmit signals between the different parts of the vehicle at high speeds. In addition to being used in lighting the vehicles, they are also used in the safety applications of the car including airbags and traction control.

Lighting and decorations

Due to their high speed, fiber optic cables are widely used in lighting decorations and Christmas tree illumination. In addition to lighting the trees, they are also economical and easy to install. The cables are also used in museums where they are used in illuminating and decorating museum artworks.


These are some of the uses of fiber optic cables. When buying them, ensure that you buy them from reputable cable dealers. The way that you install them greatly impacts their working. For ideal results ensure that the cables are installed by a certified and experienced professional. To be on the safe side, work with a technician recommended by the company you buy the cables from.


Bose SoundSport Wireless Review

c11The Bose SoundSport Wirelesst is essentially an “open” ear-bud style headphone that effectively isolates noise. It is an in-ear headphone designed for those who don’t wish to get their eartips jammed way into their ears. Thus the buds remain loosely in your ears, held in place by means of proprietary StayHear tips that are is made in a particular shape, in order to act as a soft seal at the opening of your canal, thereby helping to improve audio performance. Plus, there is a flexible wing that makes use of the ridge of the ear for active support, thereby imparting appreciably improved stability without the need to force the tips in.

Design and Features

StayHear tips work well your ears, keeping the buds securely and comfortably locked in, even while you are jogging. However, the open design can let in ambient sounds, so they aren’t much good when you are in a noisy environment. The Bose SoundSport Wirelesst comes with a unique sport version of the Stay-Hear tips that conforms to any ear shape, and remain in place comfortably, throughout the day. They are available in a wide variety of colors such as Charcoal, Energy Green, Frost, Power Red and Neon Blue. Apart from these, it comes with a sport-inspired case that matches the color of your own headphones. The case protects as well as stores the headphones while not in use. It can also hold your cash and keys, when you are out exercising.

Naturally, the Bose SoundSport wireless effectively resists water and sweat and water. It boasts of a remote and inline mic that allows you to skip songs if necessary, regulate the volume, as well as make and take calls, without in any way reaching out for your smarphone. These amazing headphones are designed to overcome the demands of a busy life. In fact Bose is flaunting its quality for making calls, and its reliable Bluetooth connection. By the way, Bose is also introducing SoundSport Pulse, a fully integrated hear-rate monitor, compatible with fitness apps such as Runkeeper, and Endomondo. The SoundSport has decent battery life of about six hours, and five hours for SoundSport Pulse.

Tangle Free Bluetooth and NFC Pairing

It is very easy to pair The Bose SoundSport wireless to any Bluetooth device. The same is the case, if you happen to own an NFC enabled phone, all you need to do is to quickly tap between the phone and inline remote. This way you can concentrate on your workout or sport and not your headphones.

Pros and Cons


· Secure and comfortable

· Sweat and weather resistant

· Pleasant full bass

· Integrated mic and remote

· Matching carrying case


· Let ambient sound in

· Not fit for noisy environments.

While the Bose SoundSport Wireless In-Ear might not the finest sounding in-ear headphone for your money, its design as well as comfort level are superb. In fact, it’s the very thing you need if you are looking for this type of headphone style, without jamming the tips right into your ear canals.


The Meaning of PCI

c10The term PCI stands for Payment Card Industry, and we all are quite familiar with the different types of credit card / payment solution companies available, like Master Card, PayPal, and Visa etc. This article will further discuss how these companies manage their security of card holders’ data.

These companies run under the standards of PCI DSS, which stands for Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard. According to these standards, the information of card holders are to be kept secured.

History of PCI DSS

There are Five programs:

1. American Express’ Data Security Operating Policy
2. Discover’s Information Security and Compliance
3. JCB’s Data Security Program
4. Master Card’s Site Data Protection
5. Visa’s Card holder Information Security Program

They were initiated by these credit card companies.The intention of each company was nearly the same; and that was, to develop an additional layer of protection for card holders and card issuers, by making sure that merchants meet the minimum levels of security when processing, storing and transmitting credit card data.

These same ideas led to the formation of the Payment Card Industry Security Standards Council (PCI SSC), and the companies combined their policies to create the PCI DSS.

There have been a number of versions of the PCI DSS up till now, with the first version 1.0 released on 15 December 2015 and the latest version 3.2,launched in April 2016.

Why there’s a need for PCI DSS

The PCI DSS was developed to limit credit card fraud. PCI Compliance is however more about security, than compliance. The objective of PCI Compliance is to confirm that security standards are met when processing customer payments, as well as for customer data management.

Verification of PCI Compliance is checked annually by a QSA (Qualified Security Assessor), who creates a ROC (Report on Compliance). Although this is generally for companies handling millions of transactions, companies with less volume are only required to fill in a (SAQ) Self-Assessment Questionnaire as the means of reporting PCI Compliance.

The PCI DSS set up twelve requirements for PCI Compliance, which are organized into six groups known as Control Objectives. Every single version of the PCI DSS has categorized these twelve requirements differently, into an amount of sub requirements; but still the twelve main requirements have not been altered from the time of the standard’s inception.

Objectives and Requirements:

1. Develop and manage a secure network

I. Setup and uphold a firewall configuration to protect data of the card holder.
ii. Don’t use vendor-supplied defaults as system passwords nor for other security line ups.

2. Keep Cardholders’ Data protected

iii. Protect the stored data of card holder.
iv. Convert the card holders’ data of the card into codes across open and public networks.

3. Maintain the vulnerability of management program

v. Use and update antivirus regularly on the system getting most likely affected by malware.
vi. Build and maintain only secure systems and applications.

4. Use strong data admission control

vii. Restrict the businesses from accessing the cardholders’ data.
viii. Provide a unique access ID to every user with computer access.
ix. Restrict access to cardholders’ data physically.

5. Monitor and test networks regularly

x. Keep a track of the access to cardholders’ data and network resources.
xi. Test the security processes and systems regularly.

6. Keep the Information security policy maintained


PCI SAQ (Self Assessment Questionnaire) What Is It

c9The PCI compliance Self Assessment Questionnaire needs to be completed by merchants every 12 months, and is the most comprehensive way to check if your business is PCI compliant.

It’s likely that in recent months you’ve heard of a business suffering a breach of its customers payment card data. It occurs so often now, we all hear about it, and forget about the event quickly.

A 2015 study by Javelin Strategy & Research, found that US$16 billion was stolen from 12.7 million consumers in 2014 in the United States alone, that’s 1 in 100 people. There was a new identity fraud victim every two seconds in 2014.

There is just one set of recognized standards to protect your business from these attacks: the Payment Card Data Security Standard (PCI DSS, known as PCI Compliance).

Not being PCI compliant doesn’t only betray your customers’ trust, but breaches will subject your business to steep fines and expenses.

Keeping your business in-line, however, is easier than you think.

How to complete the Self-Assessment Questionnaire (SAQ) – To become PCI compliant, your business needs to meet the standards set according to the security category it falls into. Most businesses (likely yours too) belong to category 3 or 4, which involve the same procedures: Fill in a Self-Assessment Questionnaire (SAQ) and at minimum, a Quarterly PCI Compliance scan, run by an Approved Scanning Vendor (ASV).

The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) defines the SAQ as “a validation tool to assist merchants and service providers in demonstrating their compliance.”

The SAQ can be completed by a person in your business (possibly yourself), and is the first step on the path to becoming PCI compliant. The Self-Assessment Questionnaire, as the name implies, is completed by a representative officer from your business, this could be the IT Manager, the CFO, or anyone with knowledge of how the business works.

The First Step to Completing a SAQ

The first step is to identify the SAQ category your business falls under – which varies depending on how you process, store and transmit customers’ payment card data – that applies to your business.

SAQ A: Card not present merchants (e-commerce or mail/telephone-order) with all cardholder data functions outsourced.

SAQ B: Imprint-only merchants with no electronic card holder data storage, or, Stand-alone dial-up terminal merchants with no electronic card holder data storage.

SAQ C: Merchants with payment systems connected to the Internet and no electronic cardholder data storage.

SAQ D: All other merchants (not included in descriptions for SAQs A-C above) and all service providers defined by a payment brand as eligible to complete an SAQ D.

There are more, but this covers the basics.

Once you have identified the category applicable to your business you must then fill in the relevant SAQ and Attestation of Compliance (AoC) PDF form.

Use the SAQ form as a guide to evaluate your business’s security protocols. Any potential risks in your business’s payment system highlighted by the SAQ must be addressed and then the questionnaire retaken, until you can answer every question with ‘pass’ or ‘not applicable’, to achieve compliance with the required PCI Data Security Standard.

The final step to becoming PCI Compliant

Once your business satisfies all the requirements outlined in the SAQ, the next step is to undergo a PCI Compliance scan on your website / payment system.